Flight Training Lesson 14
1.5 Hour Dual; Pre/Post Flight Discussion 0.75 Hours
by Philip Greenspun and Kasim Te; revised January 2008
Developed for students at East Coast Aero Club which operated under FAR Part 141 from July 2008 through July 2010.
Site Home : Flying : Helicopter 141 : Instrument : One Item
This lesson will introduce the student to partial-panel flying.
- Preflight check of instruments, equipment and systems
- Departure into IMC
- Compass errors
- circle to land
- Failure of attitude indicator and directional gyro or HSI
- Partial-panel straight and level flight
- Partial-panel climbs and descents
- Partial-panel change of airspeed
- Partial-panel timed standard-rate turns
- Using GPS track readout as a substitute DG (if aircraft so equipped)
- Partial-panel non-precision approach
- depart BED NW to the practice area; have student wear hood starting at 200' AGL
- level off at 2000'
- cover the attitude indicator
- fly straight and level for 2 minutes then ask for climb to 2500'
- ask student to make a 180-degree turn to a heading
- once established on the new heading, ask student to descend to 2000'
- once level, ask student to slow down to 60 knots, then speed up to 100 knots
- uncover attitude indicator; cover the direction gyro or HSI
- ask for a series of approximately 90-degree turns to
various compass headings, reminding student to use the turn
coordinator for standard rate and time
- remind student of ANDS (accelerate north, decelerate
south; vaguely east or west heading, northern hemisphere only; effect reduced towards equator) and NOSE (north opposite, south
exceeds; northern hemisphere only, effect reduced near equator)
- ask for the same turns to headings, but this time making a GPS heading readout available
- return to BED with a partial-panel (no DG/HSI) VOR 23 or GPS 23
approach, circling to land 29 at the end; request no-gyro vectors from
- FAA Rotorcraft Flying Handbook
- FAA Instrument Flying Handbook
- Robinson R22/R44 IFR Trainer
- R22/R44 P.O.H.
The student will demonstrate an ability to keep the aircraft under
control by reference to a partial panel of instruments. The student
should be able to exlain all of the different compass errors. Altitude
should be maintained within 100 ft. and airspeeds within 10 kts. of
Instructor's Evaluation and Recommendations:
Flight Training Record, Lesson 14
Any deviations from the completion standards should be noted in previous section.
After completing a maneuver listed under Introduction, place a check mark next to that maneuver.
Assign grades of Above Standard, Meets Standard, or Below Standard to maneuvers listed under Review.
- Student Name:
- Instructor Name/CFI#/expiration:
- Date of Lesson:
- Aircraft Type/Registration:
- Route of Flight:
- Number of Landings:
- Hours Dual/Solo:
- Hours Cross-Country:
- Hours Night:
- Hours Simulated Instrument: