Flight Training Lesson 14
1.0 Hour Dual; Pre/Post Flight Discussion 0.75 Hours
by Philip Greenspun and Kasim Te; revised August 2006
Developed for students at East Coast Aero Club which operated under FAR Part 141 from July 2008 through July 2010.
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Student will practice autorotations as well as any pre-solo area(s) of
weakness identified by the instructor. Student will be introduced to
the effects of turning during an autorotation and anti-torque system
- Clutch light
- Low-fuel warning system
- Forced landings (simulated engine failures) - power recovery no lower than 300' whenever away from an airport
- 180-degree autorotation with power recovery
- Anti-torque system failure at altitude
- 0-30 minutes: Drive to helicopter hangar and preflight inspection
- 30-40: Startup
- 40-50: Student air/hover taxis to Taxiway Whiskey or Romeo
- 50-60: Air taxi and quick stop at Hanscom (repeat), or other area of weakness
- 60-70: Patterns with 180-degree autorotations with power recovery
- 70-80: Patterns with normal takeoffs and approaches and systems malfunctions, or other area of weakness
- 80-90: Simulated engine failure followed by hover autorotations on the East Ramp just before returning to the hangar
- 90-110: Put helicopter away
- 110-120: Discussion
- FAA Rotorcraft Flying Handbook
- Robinson R22/R44 Helicopter
- R22/R44 P.O.H.
The student will show progress in any area(s) of weakness. The student will be able to enter an autorotation without substantial changes to the aircraft's attitude or trim. During the glide, the student should be able to hold airspeed at (R22) 65 knots +/-10 knots or (R44) 70 knots +/-10 knots, and rotor RPM should be maintained within the green arc. The student should begin the flare +/- 15' of the 40' AGL altitude recommended by Robinson. Autorotations should be smooth with the flare controlled so as not to overspeed the rotor system. The student should have an understanding of the importance of attitude and rotor RPM control during a turn in an autorotation. The student will demonstrate understanding of the need to lower collective immediately following power loss to prevent excessive loss of rotor RPM. During a simulated power failure at hover (hover autorotations), the student shall touch down with acceptable forward movement, minimum sideward movement, no aft movement, without excessive loads on the landing gear, and heading shall be maintained +/- 10 degrees.
Instructor's Evaluation and Recommendations:
Flight Training Record, Lesson 14
Any deviations from the completion standards should be noted in previous section.
After completing a maneuver listed under Introduction, place a check mark next to that maneuver.
Assign grades of Above Standard, Meets Standard, or Below Standard to maneuvers listed under Review.
- Student Name:
- Instructor Name/CFI#/expiration:
- Date of Lesson:
- Aircraft Type/Registration:
- Route of Flight:
- Number of Landings:
- Hours Dual/Solo:
- Hours Cross-Country:
- Hours Night:
- Hours Simulated Instrument: