Helicopter ATP PTS
by Philip Greenspun and Kasim Te; updated December 2008
Site Home : Flying : One Article
Used in helicopter training
at East Coast Aero Club in Boston.
This is used during stage checks for helicopter ATP applicants in a
Robinson R44 IFR Trainer. It is a condensed version of the helicopter
ATP FAA standards effective August 1, 1998. Where the PTS does not
specify an airspeed, the number is from the Robinson POH or FAA
Rotorcraft Flying Handbook (RFH). Each task requires "demonstrating
sound judgment and CRM". Use a red pen to mark an applicant's
performance next to the FAA standard.
Areas of Operation and Tasks
- Preflight: Can explain what maintenance may be performed by pilot.
- Powerplant Start: follows ground safety procedures; appropriate
use of ground crew; follows checklist.
- Taxiing: ±1/2 of the hover altitude; ±2'
desired track hovering; altitude ±10' of desired in
air taxi; avoids LTE; maintains "constant vigilance and control".
- Pretakeoff Checks: states reason for checklist items; explains
possible malfunctions; divides attention inside and outside; sets up
instruments; reviews procedures for emergency and abnormal takeoff
- Normal and Crosswind Takeoff: uses checklist;
verifies powerplant performance; sets power to predetermined value;
heading ±5 degrees; "desired airspeed" (60 knots) ±5 knots.
- Instrument Takeoff (use hood at 100' AGL): uses checklist; sets
flight instruments prior to takeoff; heading ± 5 degrees;
airspeed ± 5 knots. Applicant:
- Powerplant Failure During Takeoff: considers operational factors
prior to takeoff; establishes power-off descent appx. straight-ahead,
if airborne; simulate failure no lower than 500'.
- Rejected Takeoff: considers operational factors prior to takeoff;
uses checklist; aborts takeoff if failure occurs prior to becoming
- Instrument Departure: can demonstrate setting up and flying a
- Steep Turns (w/ hood): selects "recommended" altitude; bank, "as
appropriate", not to exceed 30 degrees; bank angle ±5 degrees;
altitude ±100'; airspeed ±10 knots; rolls out ±10
degrees of entry heading. Applicant: ___________
- Powerplant Failure (w/o hood in flight): "recommended" autorotation speed
±5 knots; selects "suitable" landing area; avoids undershooting
or overshooting; if altitude permits, determines cause of failure and
if restart is viable; performs memory checklist items; terminates at
safe altitude or as briefed by examiner prior to flight.
- Recovery from Unusual Attitudes (w/ hood): recovers from both nose-high and
- Settling-with-Power (w/o hood): describes relationship of gross weight, RPM,
and DA to descent rate; above 1,500', demonstrates entry; recovers
at first indication
- Instrument Arrival: uses checklists; "appropriate" airspeed
±10 knots; heading ±10 degrees; altitude
- Holding: calculates holding endurance; remains within protected
airspace; required reports to ATC; proper timing; arrives over fix as
close as possible to the "expect further clearance" time; airspeed
±10 knots; altitude ±100'; headings ±10
degrees. Applicant: ___________
- Precision Instrument Approaches (2): prior to final approach
segment, altitude ±100 feet, airspeed ±10 knots, heading
±5 degrees; adjusts DH and visibility;
establishes predetermined rate of descent; on glide slope, localizer
no more than 1/4-scale deflection, airspeed ±5 knots. Applicant: ___________
- Nonprecision Instrument Approaches (at least 2, with at least one
procedure turn, different approach systems, and one manually w/o radar
vectors): prior to final approach segment, altitude ±100',
airspeed ±10 knots, heading ±5 degrees; applies
adjustments to MDA and visibility; on final approach segment, maximum
1/4-scale deflection CDI; airspeed ±5 knots; MDA, when reached,
-0', +50'. Applicant: ___________
- Missed Approach (at least 2, with at least one from precision):
uses checklist; altitudes ±100'; airspeed ±5 knots;
heading ±5 degrees. Applicant:
- Normal and Crosswind Approaches and Landings (w/o hood): ground
track ±5 degrees for desired traffic pattern; corrects for
wind; terminates ±2' of point; uses after-landing
- Rejected Landing (w/o hood): makes timely decision to reject;
"appropriate" airspeed ±5 knots; trims and maintains proper
ground track ±5 degrees; uses checklist.
- Demonstrates Proper Use of Systems: powerplant,
fuel/electrical/hydraulic systems, navigation and avionics, emergency
- Emergency Procedures: inflight fire and smoke removal; emergency
descent; autorotation; ditching, emergency evacuation
- Postflight Procedures: proper spacing; parking and
securing; knows how to log flight time and discrepancies
Copyright 2008 Philip Greenspun.