Last modified: Wed Jun 9 16:15:14 EDT 1999
Solaris doesn't come with a C compiler. You can either pay for their C development environment, or you can use the highly respectable GNU C compiler. This is what everyone does, just about. Problem: how do you compile a compiler if you don't have a compiler to begin with? Solution: write your own using lexx and yacc (yet another compiler compiler) and a lot of coding, or somehow 'bootstrap' your compiler by getting a binary version of a compiler. Use this compiler to build your own.
You can grab a solaris packagized version of the GNU compiler at http://www.sunfreeware.com. This pointed to the FTP site at ftp://nce.sun.ca, so the link to gcc was at ftp://nce.sun.ca/pub/freeware/sparc/7/gcc-2.8.1.sol7-sparc-local.gz.
NOTE: you will have to have 'gzip' installed to read this package, or grab the gzip binary package, which conveniently is NOT gzipped, and use this to gunzip the gcc package.
If you use Netscape to pull down the gzip package, you may have to do a shift-right-click to 'Save as...' the distribution to disk. Otherwise, just use command line anonymous ftp. If you are unfamiliar with anonymous ftp, ask.
Once unzipped, you can add the package with the command:
pkgadd -d gzip-1.2.4-sol7-sparc-local
You can get this from GNU or their FTP site. At the time of writing this, the link for gcc was ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gcc/gcc-2.8.1.tar.gz.
Move this file to a the /usr/local/src directory and extract it it to a build directory. I recommend /usr/local/build.
gzip -dc ../src/gcc-2.8.1.tar.gz | tar xf -
cd gcc-2.8.1and get ready to build.
All you really need to do is read the README and the INSTALL file and you should be able to install gcc. Check your PATH variable (echo $PATH) to make sure that you have /usr/bin before /usr/ucb in your path, and also that do have what meagre development tools that sun provides in your PATH. You'll probably have to add /usr/ccs/bin (to get ar, make, etc.), and maybe /usr/ccs/lib (to get cpp). I do it like this:
Then again, I use /bin/sh or bash. If you use C shell, do it like set path=(/usr/ccs/bin /usr/ccs/lib $PATH) or something like that.
Once you PATH is set, run configure, then run make. By default, it will go int /usr/local, which is probably right.
./configure make LANGUAGES=c
make CC="stage1/xgcc -Bstage1/" CFLAGS="-g -O2"
Again, see the INSTALL file for details and what this really means. Basically, you are building a stage 2 compiler from a stage 1 compiler compiled with the preexisting binary compilers you pulled off the net.
BECOME ROOT! This step requires you to right to directories under /usr/local, which should only be writable by root.
make install CC="stage2/xgcc -Bstage2/" CFLAGS="-g -O"