: Capsule History
6th Century BC
the Veneto occupied by the Euganei and the Veneti (the latter people ultimately gave their name to the region)
3rd Century BC
Romans conquer the Veneto
inhabitants of the Veneto given full Roman citizenship
Rise to power of Leonardino della Scala ("Mastino" or Mastiff) begins the rule of the Scala ("staircase") family
Dante arrives in Verona
Romeo Montecchi (Montague) and Juliet Capuleti meet and die. The Montecchi were Guelphs who supported the Pope; the Capuleti were Ghibellines who supported the Holy Roman Emperor.
Cangrande I ("Big Dog") comes to power and extends Scaliger rule over almost all of the Veneto mainland.
death of Cangrande I, Verona's power starts to decline
Scala family loses power
Verona becomes part of the Venetian state
Luigi da Porto (of Vicenza) writes the story of Romeo and Juliet
Shakespeare dramatizes the story of Romeo and Juliet
Verona split between Austria and France
Austrians defeated, Verona becomes part of Italy
Verona heavily damaged in fighting between Austria and Italy
World War II
Allies bomb the city heavily; Germans blow up all the bridges
Greater Verona is a manufacturing center with a population of over 300,000 (about 10% that of Rome).